Agricultural Robots Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020

Table of Contents

 

Agricultural Robots Executive Summary

The study is designed to give a comprehensive overview of the Agricultural Robots equipment market segment.  Research represents a selection from the mountains of data available of the most relevant and cogent market materials, with selections made by the most senior analysts.  Commentary on every aspect of the market from independent analysts creates an independent perspective in the evaluation of the market.  In this manner the study presents a comprehensive overview of what is going on in this market, assisting managers with designing market strategies likely to succeed.

 

Agricultural Robot Market Executive Summary  29

Agricultural Robot Market Driving Forces  29

Agricultural Robot Target Markets  32

Robotic Agriculture Trends  33

Agricultural Robot Market Shares  37

Agricultural Robot Market Forecasts  40

 

 Agricultural Robots Market Description and Market Dynamics

1. Market Agricultural Robot Description and Market Dynamics  43

1.1   Agricultural Markets  43

1.1.1    Automation Potential In The Agricultural Industry  44

1.1.2    Robots Find A Place in the Agriculture Industry  45

1.1.3    Agricultural Robots Make Production More Efficient 46

1.1.4    Use Of Industrial Robots for Agriculture  47

1.1.5    Agricultural Robotics and Automation  47

1.2   RAS Agricultural Robotics and Automation (AgRA) Technical Committee  49

1.3   Farm Bots Pick, Plant and Drive  51

1.3.1    Relying On Illegal Immigrants Can Be A Legal Liability  51

1.4   Nursery & Greenhouse Sector  52

1.4.1    Harvest Automation Labor Process Automation  52

1.4.2    The Growing Season Is Also The Shipping Season  53

1.5   Improving Nursery Efficiency  54

1.5.1    Small Mobile Robot for Plants and Shrubs  54

1.6   Agricultural Producers Seek To Improve Operations  55

1.6.1    Increasing Cows Days Of Grazing  57

1.7   cRops (Clever Robots for Crops) Robots To Harvest High Value Crops  60

1.8   European Union Seventh Framework Program   61

1.9   Strawberries  62

1.9.1    Strawberries in the US  62

1.10 Transformational Agricultural Robots  64

 

 Agricultural Robots Market Shares and Market Forecasts 

This section selectively describes market shares, forecasts, segments, and regional revenue.  Numbers are the result of primary research in all cases.  Selected companies are described from an independent analyst perspective with a thumbnail sketch or analysis of their market numbers or commentary on their strengths and weaknesses.  Some of the analysis is focused on looking at the topic segment by segment, including company descriptive analyses by segment and subsegment.

 

 

2    Agricultural Robots Market Share and

Market Forecasts  66

2.1   Agricultural Robot Market Driving Forces  66

2.1.1    Agricultural Robot Target Markets  69

2.1.2    Robotic Agriculture Trends  70

2.2   Agricultural Robot Market Shares  74

2.2.1    Lely Group Revenue  77

2.2.2    Use Of Standard Industrial Robots In Agriculture  78

2.2.3    Kuka  78

2.2.4    Fanuc  79

2.2.5    Agrobot High Value Crop Robotic Automation  80

2.2.6    John Deere Autonomous Tractors  80

2.2.7    Harvest Automation  82

2.2.8    Vision Robotics  82

2.3   Agricultural Robot Market Forecasts  82

2.3.1    Agricultural Robot Market Segments  86

2.3.2    Agricultural Robotics Key Economic Enabler  88

2.3.3    High Value Fruit Crops: Strawberries  90

2.3.4    Nursery And Garden Products  91

2.3.5    Ornamental Plant Markets  91

2.3.6    Golf courses Robotic Mowing  92

2.3.7    Crop Dusting With Remote-Controlled Helicopters  92

2.3.8    Distributed Robotics Garden  96

2.3.9    Cultibotics  97

2.3.10  Agricultural Robot Vision Pruning Systems  99

2.4   Agricultural Robot Pricing  99

2.4.1    Harvest Automation  100

2.4.2    Shibuya Seiko Co. Strawberry Picking Robot 100

2.4.3    Wall-Ye V.I.N. Robot Functions  100

2.4.4    iRobot Automated Lawn Mowing  100

2.5   Agricultural Robots TCO / ROI 102

2.5.1    Cost Structures and Roles of Agricultural Robots  106

2.6   Agricultural Robot Regional Analysis  106

2.6.1    Production of Agricultural Robotics in China  108

2.6.2    Chinese Agricultural Machinery  109

2.6.3    Agricultural Robots in Africa  109

 

 Agricultural Robots Product Description  

This section describes selected companies and selected products.  Products for this market segment are described with attention to the most significant aspect of features and functions in this category of product.  The juxtaposition of a range of different product descriptions from a single market category provides a really good way to access market directions and achieve market competitive analysis.  This section is arranged in three pieces: immersive products, conference room products, and end point products.  Company products are described in the appropriate sections, meaning a company is mentioned several times in the chapter in different places.

 

3    Agricultural Robots Product Description  113

3.1   John Deere Autonomous Tractor  113

3.1.1    John Deere Crop Spraying  115

3.2   Kuka  116

3.2.1    Kuka Robots in the Agricultural Industry  118

3.2.2    Kuka Robots in the Food Processing Industry  119

3.2.3    Kuka Automation in Agriculture  121

3.3   FANUC  124

3.3.1    Fanuc Vegetable Sorting Robot 124

3.3.2    FANUC Robodrill DiA5 Series  126

3.4   ABB Robots  128

3.4.1    ABB Symphony Plus  128

3.5   Yaskawa  130

3.5.1    Yaskawa Industrial AC Drives 1/8 thru 1750 Horsepower  132

3.5.2    Yaskawa Specialty Pump Drives 3/4 thru 500 Horsepower  133

3.5.3    Yaskawa Servo Systems and Motion Controllers  133

3.5.4    Motoman Robot Handling and Palletizing Bags of Livestock Feed  134

3.5.5    Motoman Agriculture Robotics Palletizing Bags Solution  135

3.5.6    Motoman Robotics Agricultural Robot Palletizing

Bags Fixtures / Tooling Details  136

3.5.7    Motoman Agricultural Grain Bin Dryer Fan Wheels  137

3.5.8    Motoman Robotics Fixtures/Tooling Details  140

3.5.9    Motoman Agricultural Irrigation Pipe  140

3.5.10  Motoman Robotics Fixtures/Tooling Details  143

3.5.11  Motoman Agricultural Equipment 143

3.5.12  Motoman Robotics Fixtures/Tooling Details  147

3.5.13  Motoman Round Baler Pickup Frames for Agricultural Equipment 147

3.5.14  Motoman Robotics Fixtures/Tooling Details  150

3.5.15  Motoman Skid Steer Loader Mount Plates  150

3.5.16  Motoman Bags of Livestock Feed  153

3.5.17  Motoman Robotics Fixtures/Tooling Details  156

3.6   Harvest Automation  156

3.6.1    Harvest Automation Technology  161

3.6.2    Harvest Automation Behavior-Based Robotics  161

3.7   Robotic Harvesting  161

3.7.1    Robotic Harvesting Strawberry Harvester  162

3.8   Agrobot SW 6010  163

3.8.1    Agrobot AGB: Harvesting High Level System   165

3.8.2    Agrobot AG Vision  166

3.9   Blue River Technology  167

3.9.1    Blue River Precision Lettuce Thinning - 40/42" Beds  169

3.9.2    Blue River Precision Lettuce Thinning - 80/84" Beds  171

3.9.3    Lettuce Bot, Blue River Technology  172

3.10 cRops (Clever Robot for Crops) 172

3.10.1  cRops European Project, Made Up Of Universities And Labs  174

3.11 Jaybridge Robotics Agriculture  177

3.11.1  Jaybridge Robotics Kinze Partnering, Autonomous

Vehicle Row Crop Harvesting  178

3.11.2  Jaybridge Software Expertise  179

3.12 Nano Ganesh  180

3.13 Aqua Spy  180

3.14 8 Villages  180

3.15 IBM / Bari Fishing Market App  181

3.16 M Farm   184

3.17 Sustainable Harvest 185

3.18 Tractor Harvesting  185

3.19 Spensa Technology Pest Control 187

3.20 The Pebble Watch  187

3.21 Louisiana State University AgBot 188

3.21.1  AgBot Uses Autonomous, Advanced GPS System   189

3.21.2  Agbot Small Robots Versatility  189

3.21.3  Delivery Robot 190

3.22 Harvard Robobee  190

3.22.1  Harvard Robobee Practical Applications  191

3.22.2  Harvard Robobee Vision and Aims  191

3.22.3  Harvard Robobee Body, Brain, and Colony  193

3.22.4  Harvard Robobee Body  193

3.22.5  Harvard Robobee Flexible Insect Wings And Flight

Stability In Turbulent Airflow   196

3.22.6  Harvard Robobee Sensor Networks  197

3.22.7  Harvard Robobee Colony  200

3.22.8  Harvard Robobee Sensor Network Development 201

3.23 iRobot’s Automatic Lawn Mower  208

3.24 MIT Autonomous Gardener Equipment Mounted On The

Base of a Roomba  210

3.25 Carnegie Mellon University’s National Robotics Engineering Center  212

3.25.1  Carnegie Mellon. Self-Guided Farm Equipment 213

3.26 Cesar the LettuceBot 215

3.27 Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Rosphere  216

3.27.1  Rosphere Spherical Shaped Robot 217

3.28 Shibuya Seiko Co. 219

3.28.1  Shibuya Seiko Co. Strawberry Picking Robot 219

3.28.2  Shibuya Seiko Robot Can Pick Strawberry Fields  219

3.29 University of California, Davis Robots For Harvesting Strawberries  220

3.30 Wall-Ye V.I.N. Robot 222

3.30.1  Wall-Ye V.I.N. Robot Functions  222

3.30.2  Wall-Ye V.I.N. Robot Security System   225

3.30.3  Wall-Ye V.I.N. Robot Prunes 600 Vines Per Day  225

3.31 Vision Robotics  226

3.31.1  Vision Robotics Automated Tractors  227

3.32 Nogchui Autonomous Tractor  228

3.32.1  Professor Nogchui Agricultural Tractor Robot Uses

Navigation Sensor Called AGI-3 GPS Compass Made by TOPCON   232

3.32.2  Professor Nogchui Agricultural Tractor Robot Mapping System   232

3.32.3  Nogchui Autonomous Tractor Robot Management Systems  233

3.33 Microsoft Agricultural Robot Software  234

3.34 Australian Centre for Field Robotics Herder Robot 235

3.34.1  Robotic Rover Herds Cows  236

3.35 Chinese Agricultural Robots  237

3.36 Oracle Robot 239

3.37 3D Robotics  239

3.38 Lely Automatic Milking Robots  245

3.38.1  Lely Astronaut Milking Robots  245

3.38.2  Lely Concept and Management 247

3.38.3  Lely Correct Feed Management 247

3.38.4  Lely Milk Robots At Large Dairy Farms  248

3.38.5  Lely Free Cow Traffic  255

3.39 Kyoto University Tomato Harvesting Robot 257

3.40 Yamaha Crop Dusting Drones  261

3.41 RHEA Robot Fleets for Accuracy  262

3.41.1  RHEA Synchronoized Weeding  266

3.41.2  Synchronized Spraying  270

3.42 Precise Path Robotics  275

 

 Agricultural Robots Technology 

 

4.  Agricultural Robots Technology  4-1

4.1   Harvest Automation Proprietary Sensor Technology  277

4.1.1    Harvest Automation Robot System Architecture  278

4.1.2    Harvest Automation Technology  278

4.1.3    Behavior-Based Robotics  279

4.1.4    Proprietary Sensor Technology  279

4.1.5    System Design & Architecture  280

4.2   Welding Robots  280

4.3   Material Handling Robots: 281

4.4   Plasma Cutting Robots: 281

4.5   Agricultural Robotics and Automation Scope: 282

4.5.1    IEEE Standards Initiatives  285

4.5.2    Delft Robotics Institute  285

4.6   Robotics and Automation  287

4.7   An Electronic System Improves Different Agriculture Processes  290

 

 

 

 

 Agricultural Robots Company Profiles 

This section selectively describes company strategies, partners, acquisitions, and revenue by segment and regional revenue when available.  Companies are described by looking at what is most interesting about that company.  The descriptions collectively give a sense of market directions within the industry segment.  The alphabetical listing of company thumbnail sketches provides an accessible way to find out what is going on in any particular company.

 

5    Agricultural Robots Company Description  291

5.1   ABB Robotics  291

5.1.1    ABB Revenue  292

5.1.2    ABB Strategy  293

5.1.3    ABB Global Leader In Power And Automation Technologies  293

5.1.4    ABB and IO Deliver Direct Current-Powered Data Center Module  294

5.1.5    ABB / Validus DC Systems DC Power Infrastructure Equipment 295

5.1.6    ABB Technology  296

5.1.7    ABB Global Lab Power  297

5.1.8    ABB Global Lab Automation  298

5.2   Agile Planet 300

5.3   AgRA: RAS Agricultural Robotics and Automation (AgRA  301

5.4   Agrobot 302

5.4.1    Agrobot Innovation and Technology for Agribusiness  304

5.5   Astronaut 307

5.6   Australian Centre for Field Robotics  307

5.7   Blue River Technology  308

5.7.1    Blue River /  Khosla Ventures  309

5.8   CNH Industrial / Fiat / Case IH   310

5.8.1    Case IH Customers Work Directly With Design Engineers  311

5.9   cRops  312

5.10 Fanuc  316

5.10.1  FANUC Corporation  317

5.10.2  Fanuc Revenue  318

5.11 Georgia Tech Agricultural Robots  319

5.12 Google  321

5.12.1  Google / Boston Dynamics  322

5.12.2  Boston Dynamics LS3 - Legged Squad Support Systems  323

5.12.3  Boston Dynamics CHEETAH - Fastest Legged Robot 325

5.12.4  Boston Dynamics Atlas - The Agile Anthropomorphic Robot 326

5.12.5  Boston Dynamics BigDog  328

5.12.6  Boston Dynamics LittleDog - The Legged Locomotion

Learning Robot 329

5.12.7  Google Robotic Division  331

5.12.8  Google Self-Driving Car  331

5.12.9  Google Cars Address Vast Majority Of Vehicle

Accidents Due To Human Error  333

5.12.10  Google Business  333

5.12.11  Google Corporate Highlights  334

5.12.12  Google Search  335

5.12.13  Google Revenue  337

5.12.14  Google Second Quarter 2013 Results  337

5.12.15  Google Revenues by Segment and Geography  340

5.12.16  Google / Motorola Headcount 341

5.12.17  Google / Motorola  341

5.13 Harvard Robobee  343

5.13.1  Harvard Robobee Funding  343

5.13.2  Harvard Robobee Main Area Of Research  344

5.13.3  Harvard Robobee OptRAD is used as an Optimizing

Reaction-Advection-Diffusion system. 345

5.13.4  Harvard Robobee The Team   346

5.14 Harvest Automation  347

5.14.1  Harvest Automation Ornamental Horticulture  347

5.14.2  Harvest Automation M Series C Financing  348

5.14.3  Harvest Robotic Solutions For The Agricultural Market 349

5.14.4  Harvest Automation Robots  349

5.15 IBM    352

5.15.1  IBM Strategy  352

5.15.2  IBM Business Partners  354

5.15.3  IBM Messaging Extension for Web Application Pattern  355

5.15.4  IBM MobileFirst 356

5.15.5  IBM Business Analytics and Optimization Strategy  357

5.15.6  IBM Growth Market Initiatives  357

5.15.7  IBM Business Analytics and Optimization  357

5.15.8  IBM Strategy  358

5.15.9  IBM Smarter Planet 359

5.15.10  IBM Cloud Computing  361

5.15.11  IBM Business Model 361

5.15.12  IBM Business Revenue Segments And Capabilities  362

5.16 iRobot 369

5.16.1  iRobot Home Robots: 370

5.16.2  iRobot Defense and Security: Protecting Those in Harm’s Way  370

5.16.3  iRobot Role In The Robot Industry  371

5.16.4  iRobot SPARK (Starter Programs for the Advancement of

Robotics Knowledge) 371

5.16.5  iRobot Revenue  372

5.16.6  iRobot Acquires Evolution Robotics, Inc. 372

5.16.7  iRobot / Evolution Robotics  374

5.17 Jaybridge Robotics  374

5.17.1  Jaybridge Robotics Software Solutions  374

5.17.2  Jaybridge Systems Integration for Autonomous Vehicles  376

5.17.3  Jaybridge Robotics Rigorous Quality Processes  376

5.17.4  Jaybridge Robotics Professional, Experienced Team   376

5.17.5  Jaybridge Robotics Seamless Working Relationship with

Client Teams  377

5.18 Kuka  377

5.18.1  Kuka Revenue  378

5.18.2  Kuka Competition  378

5.18.3  Kuka Innovative Technology  379

5.18.4  Kuka Well Positioned With A Broad Product Portfolio In

Markets With Attractive Growth Prospects  379

5.18.5  Kuka Strategy  380

5.18.6  Kuka Corporate Policy  381

5.19 KumoTek  383

5.19.1  KumoTek Robotics Software Specialists  384

5.20 Kyoto University  384

5.21 Lely  385

5.21.1  Lely Group Business Concepts  387

5.21.2  Lely Group Revenue  388

5.22 Millennial Net 388

5.22.1  Millennial Net Wireless Sensor Network: 389

5.22.2  Millennial Net 1000-Node MeshScape GO Wireless

Sensor Network (WSN) Agricultural Sensors  390

5.22.3  Millennial Net’s MeshScape GO WSN Technology  391

5.23 National Agriculture and Food Research Organization  392

5.23.1  NARO, a Japanese Incorporated Administrative Agency  393

5.23.2  National Agriculture and Food Research Organization

(NARO) third mid-term plan (from 2011 to 2015) 394

5.23.3  National Agriculture and Food Research Organization

Stable Food Supply  395

5.23.4  National Agriculture and Food Research Organization

Development For Global-Scale Issues And Climate Change  396

5.23.5  National Agriculture and Food Research Organization

Development To Create Demand For New Food Products  396

5.23.6  National Agriculture and Food Research Organization

Development For Utilizing Local Agricultural Resources  397

5.23.7  Japanese National Agriculture and Food Research Organization  397

5.24 Ossian Agro Automation / Nano Ganesh  398

5.25 Precise Path Robotics  401

5.26 Robotic Harvesting  402

5.27 Sicily Tractor Harvesting  403

5.28 Shibuya Seiki 405

5.28.1  Shibuya Kogyo Pharmaceutical Application Examples  406

5.28.2  Shibuya Kogyo Robotic System For Handling Soft Infusion Bags  407

5.28.3  Shibuya Kogyo Robotic Cell Culture System "CellPRO"  407

5.28.4  Shibuya Kogyo Robotic System For Leaflet & Spoon Placement 408

5.28.5  Shibuya Kogyo Robotic Collating System   409

5.28.6  Shibuya Kogyo Automated Aseptic Environmental

Monitoring System   410

5.29 Universidad Politécnica de Madrid  411

5.30 University of California, Davis  412

5.31 Wall-Ye V.I.N. Robot 412

5.32 Yamaha  412

5.33 Yaskawa  416

5.33.1  Yaskawa Revenue  416

5.33.2  Yaskawa Business  417

5.33.3  YASKAWA Electric Motion Control 418

5.33.4  YASKAWA Electric Robotics  419

5.33.5  YASKAWA Electric System Engineering  419

5.33.6  YASKAWA Electric Information Technology  419

5.33.7  Yaskawa / Motoman  419

5.34 Agricultural Robotic Research Labs  420

5.34.1  Outdated links  421

5.34.2  Agricultural Robotic Companies  422

5.34.3  IEEE Agricultural Technical Committee  422

5.34.4  Agricultural Robotic Conferences  422

5.34.5  Agricultural Robotic Publications  423

5.34.6  Selected VC Funding In Robotics  423

 

WinterGreen Research, 426

WinterGreen Research Research Methodology  427

 

 

List of Tables and Figures

 Agricultural Robots Executive Summary 

 

Figure ES-1  29

Agrobot Strawberry Picker  29

Table ES-2  31

Agricultural Robot Market Driving Forces  31

Table ES-3  32

Agricultural Robot Target Markets  32

Table ES-4  34

Robotic Agricultural Trends  34

Table ES-5  35

Agriculture Robotic Activities  35

Table ES-6  36

Market Forces for Agricultural Modernization  36

Table ES-7  36

Robotics – State of the Art Advantages  36

Table ES-8  37

Agricultural Robot Challenges  37

Figure ES-9  39

Agricultural Robot Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013  39

Figure ES-10  41

Agricultural Robot Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 41

2014-2020  41

 

 

 Agricultural Robots Market Description and Market Dynamics

 

Table 1-1  44

Aspects of Agricultural Sector Modernization  44

Figure 1-2  48

Agricultural Robotics Positioned To Meet The Increasing Demands For

Food And Bioenergy  48

Source:  John Deere. 48

Figure 1-3  49

Autonomous Orchard Vehicle  49

Figure 1-4  50

Automated Picker Machine  50

Table 1-5  53

Nursery Robot Benefits  53

Figure 1-6  58

Cows Grazing  58

Figure 1-7  60

European Union Seventh Framework Program cRops

(Clever Robots for Crops) Focus On Harvesting High Value Crops  60

Figure 1-8  64

Transformational Agricultural Robots  64

 

 

 Agricultural Robots Market Shares and Market Forecasts 

 

Figure 2-1  66

Agrobot Strawberry Picker  66

Table 2-2  68

Agricultural Robot Market Driving Forces  68

Table 2-3  69

Agricultural Robot Target Markets  69

Table 2-4  71

Robotic Agricultural Trends  71

Table 2-5  72

Agriculture Robotic Activities  72

Table 2-6  73

Market Forces for Agricultural Modernization  73

Table 2-7  73

Robotics – State of the Art Advantages  73

Table 2-8  74

Agricultural Robot Challenges  74

Figure 2-9  76

Agricultural Robot Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013  76

Table 2-10  77

Agricultural Robot Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013  77

Figure 2-11  80

Agrobot Strawberry Picker  80

Figure 2-12  81

John Deere Autonomous Tractors  81

Figure 2-13  84

Agricultural Robot Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 84

2014-2020  84

Table 2-14  85

Agricultural Robot Market Forecast, Shipments, Dollars,

Worldwide, 2014-2020  85

Table 2-15  86

Agricultural Robot Market Industry Segments, Cow Milking and

Barn Systems, Strawberries and High Value Crops, Wheat, Rice,

Corn Harvesting, Grape Pruning and Harvesting, Nursery Management,

Golf Course and Lawn Mowing, Drone Crop Dusting Segments,

Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020  86

Table 2-16  87

Agricultural Robot Market Industry Segments, Cow Milking and

Barn Systems, Strawberries and High Value Crops, Wheat, Rice,

Corn Harvesting, Grape Pruning and Harvesting, Nursery Management,

Golf Course and Lawn Mowing, Drone Crop Dusting Segments,

Percent , Worldwide, 2014-2020  87

Figure 2-17  89

Multiple Small Intelligent Machines Replace Large Manned Tractors  89

                                                                               89

Table 2-18  91

Agricultural Robots for Ornamental Plant Handling Benefits  91

Figure 2-19  92

UC Davis Using Yahama Helicopter Drones For Crop Dusting  92

Figure 2-20  94

Yahama Crop Duster  94

Figure 2-21  96

Distributed Robotics Garden  96

Figure 2-22  98

Modernized Agriculture Telegarden, As Installed At Ars Electronica  98

Table 2-23  102

Voluntary Cow Traffic Benefits  102

Table 2-24  103

Cow Traffic System Cubicles ROI Metrics  103

Table 2-25  104

Lely Example of Herd Size and Robots / Farm Worker  104

Table 2-26  105

Roles of Agricultural Robots  105

Figure 2-27  106

Cost Structures and Roles of Agricultural Robots  106

Figure 2-28  107

Agricultural Robotic Regional Market Segments, 2013  107

Table 2-29  108

Agricultural Robot Regional Market Segments, 2013  108

 

 Agricultural Robots Product Description  

 

Figure 3-1  113

John Deere Autonomous Tractors  113

Figure 3-2  114

John Deere Autonomous Tractor Flexible Uses  114

Figure 3-3  115

John Deere Crop Spraying  115

Figure 3-4  116

Kuka Agricultural Robots  116

Figure 3-5  116

Kuka Material Handling Robots  116

Figure 3-6  117

Kuka Industry Standard Robots Used in Agriculture  117

Figure 3-7  118

Kuka Welding Robots in the Agricultural Industry  118

Figure 3-8  119

Kuka Robots in the Agricultural Industry  119

Figure 3-9  120

Kuka Robots in the Food Processing Industry  120

Figure 3-10  122

Kuka Agricultural Robots  122

Figure 3-11  124

Kuka Plasma Cutting Robot 124

Figure 3-12  125

Fanuc M-3iA Robots Sorting Boxes  125

Figure 3-13  126

FANUC Robodrill DiA5 Series  126

Figure 3-14  127

FANUC Welding Robots  127

Figure 3-15  127

FANUC Material Handling Robots  127

Figure 3-16  128

FANUC Plasma Cutting Robot 128

Figure 3-17  129

ABB Welding Robots  129

Figure 3-18  129

ABB Material Handling Robots  129

Figure 3-19  130

Yaskawa Plasma Cutting Robot 130

Figure 3-20  131

Yaskawa Robots Used in Agriculture  131

Figure 3-21  132

Yaskawa Industrial AC Drives 1/8 thru 1750 Horsepower  132

Figure 3-22  133

Yaskawa Specialty Pump Drives 3/4 thru 500 Horsepower  133

Figure 3-23  134

Motoman Robot Handling and Palletizing Bags of Livestock Feed  134

Table 3-24  135

Motoman Robot Handling and Palletizing Bags of Livestock

Feed Project Challenges  135

Table 3-25  136

Motoman Agriculture Robotics Palletizing Bags Solution  136

Table 3-26  138

Motoman Agricultural Grain Bin Dryer Fan Wheels Project Challenges  138

Table 3- 27  139

Motoman Agricultural Grain Bin Dryer Fan Wheels Robotics Solution  139

Figure 3-28  140

Motoman Agricultural Irrigation Pipe  140

Table 3-29  141

Motoman Agricultural Irrigation Pipe Project Challenges  141

Table 3-30  142

Motoman Agricultural Irrigation Pipe  142

Robotics Solution  142

Figure 3-31  143

Motoman Agricultural Equipment 143

Table 3-32  145

Motoman Agricultural Equipment Project Challenges  145

Table 3-33  146

Motoman Agricultural Equipment Robotics Solution  146

Figure 3-34  147

Motoman Round Baler Pickup Frames for Agricultural Equipment 147

Table 3-35  148

Motoman Round Baler Pickup Frames for Agricultural Equipment Project Challenges  148

Table 3-36  149

Motoman Round Baler Pickup Frames for Agricultural

Equipment  Robotics Solution  149

Figure 3-37  150

Motoman Skid Steer Loader Mount Plates  150

Table 3-38  151

Motoman Skid Steer Loader Mount Plates Project Challenges  151

Table 3-39  152

Motoman Skid Steer Loader Mount Plates Robotics Solution  152

Figure 3-40  153

Motoman Bags of Livestock Feed  153

Table 3-41  154

Motoman Bags of Livestock Feed Project Challenges  154

Table 3-42  155

Motoman Bags of Livestock Feed Robotics Solution  155

Figure 3-43  157

Harvest Automation Shrub Robot 157

Figure 3-44  158

Harvest Automation Shrub Robot In Garden  158

Figure 3-45  159

Harvest Automation Robot Provides Marketplace Sustainability  159

Table 3-46  160

Harvest Automation Shrub Robot Features: 160

Table 3-47  160

Harvest Automation Shrub Robot Functions: 160

Figure 3-48  162

Robotic Harvesting of Strawberries  162

Figure 3-49  163

Agrobot SW 6010  163

Figure 3-50  165

Agrobot AGB: Harvesting High Level System   165

Figure 3-51  166

Agrobot AG Vision  166

Figure 3-60  168

Blue River Technology Agricultural Robot 168

Figure 3-61  169

Blue River Precision Lettuce Thinning Agricultural Robot 169

Table 3-62  170

Blue River Technology Agricultural Robot Functions  170

Figure 3-63  171

Blue River Precision Lettuce Thinning - 80/84" beds  171

Table 3-64  173

cRops Robotic Platform Functions  173

Table 3-65  175

cRops Robot System European Project Supporters  175

Figure 3-66  176

cRops Robot System   176

Figure 3-67  177

cRops Robot Target System   177

Figure 3-68  177

Jaybridge Robotics Driverless Tractor  177

Figure 3-69  181

IBM / Bari Fishing Market App  181

Figure 3-70  182

IBM / Bari Real Time Fishing Market App  182

Figure 3-71  183

IBM / Bari Fishing Market Need Matching App  183

Figure 3-72  186

Small Tractor Used For Manual Artichokes Harvesting  186

Figure 3-73  188

LSU AgBot 188

Table 3-74  191

Harvard Robobee Robot Applications  191

Table 3-75  192

Nature-Inspired Robotic Research Aims  192

Figure 3-76  193

Robobee Boby, Brain, Colony  193

Figure 3-77  194

Harvard Robobee Propulsive Efficiency  194

Figure 3-78  195

Robobee Boby, Brain, Colony  195

Figure 3-79  197

Harvard Robobee Studies of Stability And Control In Unsteady,

Structured Wakes  197

Table 3-80  198

Harvard Robobee Sensor Networks  198

Figure 3-81  199

Harvard Robobee Computationally-Efficient Control System   199

Table 3-82  202

Harvard Robobee Sensor Network Design Challenges  202

Table 3-83  203

Harvard Robobee Challenges In Development Of A Sensor Network  203

Table 3-84  204

Harvard Robobee Sensor Network Context Challenges  204

Table 3-85  205

Harvard Robobee Sensor Network Elements  205

Table 3-86  206

Harvard Robobee Sensor Network Limitations  206

Table 3-87  207

Harvard Robobee Software Language Limitations  207

Table 3-88  208

Harvard Robobee Software Language Current Efforts  208

Figure 3-89  209

Robomow RL850 Automatic Lawn Mower  209

Figure 3-90  211

MIT smart gardener robot 211

Figure 3-91  213

Carnegie Mellon Self-Guided Farm Equipment 213

Figure 3-92  214

Carnegie Mellon Self-Guided Equipment Running on Farm   214

Figure -3-93  215

Cesar the LettuceBot 215

Figure 3-94  216

Benefits of Lettuce Harvesting Robot 216

Figure 3-95  217

Rosphere  217

Figure 3-96  218

Rosphere Induction Of Forward/Backward And Turning Movements  218

Figure 3-97  221

University of California, Davis Robot For Harvesting Strawberries  221

Table 3-98  223

Wall-Ye V.I.N. Robot Functions  223

Table 3-99  224

Wall-Ye V.I.N. Robot Technology  224

Table 3-100  224

Wall-Ye V.I.N. Robot Features  224

Figure 3-101  226

Vision Robotics Snippy Robotic Vine Pruner  226

Figure 3-102  229

Nogchui Autonomous Tractor Grading  229

                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                         

 

Figure 3-103  230

Nogchui Autonomous Tractor Working Field  230

Figure 3-104  233

Professor Nogchui Autonomous Tractor Navigation Map Information  233

Figure 3-105  234

Microsoft Agricultural Robot Software  234

Figure 3-106  235

Herder Robotic Rover  235

Figure 3-107  237

Chinese Farmbot Tractor Image  237

Figure 3-108  239

3D Robotics  239

Figure 3-109  240

3D Robotics Drone Spray Application  240

Figure 3-110  241

3D Robotics Uses Pesticides And Fungicides Only When Needed  241

Figure 3-111  242

3D Robotics Data For Marketing  242

Figure 3-112  243

3D Robotics Aerial Views of Crops  243

Figure 3-113  244

3D Robotics Aerial Views Multicopter To Fly Over Vineyards  244

Figure 3-114  245

Lely Automatic Milking  245

Figure 3-115  246

Astronaut Milking Robot 246

Figure 3-116  249

Lely Milking System Farm   249

Figure 3-117  250

Lely Cattle Feeding System Farm   250

Figure 3-118  251

Lely Automated Process for Managing Milking and Farm   251

Figure 3-119  252

Lely Correct Cattle Feeding Management 252

Figure 3-120  253

Lely Automated Process Cattle Feeding Management 253

Figure 3-121  254

Lely Multi-Barn Cattle Feeding Management 254

Figure 3-122  256

Lely Cattle Milking Management 256

Figure 3-123  257

Kyoto University Tomato Harvesting Robot 257

Figure 3-124  258

Kyoto University Fruit Harvesting Robots In Greenhouse  258

Figure 3-125  259

Kyoto University Tomato Cluster Harvesting Robot 259

Figure 3-126  260

Kyoto University Strawberry Harvesting Robot In Plant Factory  260

Figure 3-127  263

RHEA Robot Fleets for Seeding  263

Figure 3-128  264

RHEA Robot Fleet Mapping for Seeding  264

Figure 3-129  265

Robot Fleet Deterministic Route Planning for Seeding  265

Figure 3-130  266

Orthogonal Inter Row Mechanical Weeding for Organic Farming  266

Table 3-131  267

HGCA Laser Weeding  267

Figure 3-132  268

RHEA Laser Weeding  268

Figure 3-133  269

RHEA Horibot Cutter and Sprayer  269

Figure 3-134  270

RHEA Broad leafed Weed Sensing And Spraying  270

Table 3-135  271

RHEA Broad Leafed Weed Sensing And Spraying  271

Figure 3-136  272

RHEA Multiple Small Intelligent Machines Replace Large Manned Tractors  272

Figure 3-137  273

RHEA Cooperative Fleet Of Robots  273

Figure 3-138  274

RHEA Hexacopter (Aerial Mobile Unit) 274

 

 

 Agricultural Robots Technology 

 

Table 4-1  277

Harvest Automation Proprietary Sensor Technology Functions  277

Table 4-2  278

Harvest Automation Robot System Architecture  278

Table 4-3  279

Proprietary Sensor Technology  279

Table 4-4  280

System Design & Architecture  280

Table 4-5  286

Tight Scientific Collaboration Between Different Disciplines  286

Figure 4-6  287

IEEE Agricultural Robots  287

Figure 4-7  288

IEEE Orchard Robots  288

Figure 4-8  289

IEEE Automated Agricultural Robot 289

 

 Agricultural Robots Company Profiles 

 

Table 5-1  296

ABB Product Launches  296

Table 5-2  297

ABB Global Lab Target Technologies  297

Table 5-3  299

ABB's Global Lab Automation Target Solutions  299

Table 5-4  300

ABB Active Current Research Areas  300

Figure 5-5  302

Agrobot Strawberry Picker  302

Figure 5-6  303

Agrobot Strawberry Picker  303

Figure 5-7  304

Agrobot Robot for Agriculture  304

Table 5-8  305

Agrobot Innovation and Technology for Agribusiness  305

Figure 5-9  305

Agrobot Innovation and Technology for Agribusiness  306

Table 5-10  307

Agrobot SW6010 Support 307

Table 5-11  312

cRops technology Functions  312

Table 5-12  313

cRops Intelligent Tools  313

Table 5-13  314

cRops Target Markets  314

Table 5-14  315

cRops Robotic Platform Customized Automated Processes  315

Figure 5-15  318

Fanuc Revenue  318

Figure 5-16  319

Fanuc Revenue  319

Figure 5-17  323

Boston Dynamic LS3  323

Figure 5-18  325

Boston Dynamic CHEETAH   325

Figure 5-19  326

Boston Dynamic Atlas  326

Figure 5-20  328

Boston Dynamic BigDog  328

Figure 5-21  330

Boston Dynamics LittleDog - 330

Table 5-22  332

Google Autonomous Vehicles Technology  332

Table 5-23  344

Harvard Robobee Project Characteristics  344

Figure 5-24  346

Harvard Robobee Kilobot Robot Group  346

Table 5-25  350

Harvest Automation Robot Navigation  350

Table 5-26  351

Harvest Automation Robot Sensor Network Functions  351

Table 5-27  354

IBM Systems Target Industries  354

Table 5-28  375

Jaybridge Robotics Software Solutions  375

Table 5-29  375

Jaybridge Robotics Software Functions  375

Figure 5-30  382

Kuka Positioning with Smart Tools  382

Figure 5-31  386

Lely’s Astronaut A4 Milking Robot 386

Table 5-32  391

Millennial Net’s MeshScape System Functions  391

Table 5-33  392

MeshScape GO Deployment Components: 392

Table 5-34  394

National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) Plan Goals  394

Figure 5-35  401

Precise Path Robotics  401

Figure 5-36  404

Sicily Small Tractor Used For Manual Artichoke Harvesting  404

Figure 5-37  408

Shibuya Kogyo  Robotic System For Leaflet & Spoon Placement 408

Figure 5-38  409

Shibuya Kogyo  Robotic Collating System   409

Figure 5-39  410

Shibuya Kogyo Automated Aseptic Environmental Monitoring System   410

Table 5-40  411

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Projects  411

Figure 5-41  413

UC Davis Using Yahama Helicopter Drones For Crop Dusting  413

Figure 5-42  414

Yamaha Crop Dusting Initiatives  414

Figure 5-43  418

YASKAWA Electric Group Businesses  418