Report # SH29821444 | 272 Pages | 96 Tables and Figures | 2006
Check Out These Key Topics!
Thin Film Battery Market Shares, Forecasts, and Positioning
Thin Film Solid-State Construction
Battery Depends On Chemical Energy
Smart Active Labels
Battery-Assisted Tags Thin Film Batteries For:
Implantable Medical Devices
Impact Of Nanotechnology
Naming Standards For Cell Identification
Polymer Film Sustrate
is a $50B battery market worldwide in 2005. Within that market is a place for
evolution of next generation devices; of which include thin film NiCad
batteries. These technologies depend on the further evolution of
Thin film batteries (TFB) are positioned to become the next generation of lithium batteries for portable electronic applications. Research has showed the chemistry of turning the hazardous liquid lithium ion into a solid, creating the ability to use lithium ion as an ink or particle that in not hazardous.
Results obtained in the laboratory are being translated into commercial products. Thin film solid-state batteries are because the lithium ion that is implemented as a liquid electrolyte in traditional batteries is replaced with a solid form of the chemical. Thin film solid-state batteries are constructed by depositing the components of the battery as thin films (less than 5µm) on a substrate. The typical structure of a thin film solid-state battery can be illustrated in a schematic cross section.
A sputtered LiPON electrolyte film covers the cathode and a portion of the substrate up to the anode current collector in order to insulate the substrate from direct contact with the anode. For a thin film lithium battery, a thin layer of lithium metal is thermally evaporated on LiPON as the anode.
For a thin film lithium ion battery, a thin layer of Sn3N4 (deposited by sputtering of Sn target in N2 environment) is used as the anode. Finally, the battery is sealed. Next-generation, ultra-thin rechargeable batteries are for card-type applications. Nano energy devices are thinner than a piece of paper. When embedded in micro devices it acts as an autonomous power source, enabling new functions. Micro battery devices support the development of next generation self-powered micro systems.
A battery is one of two kinds of electrochemical devices that convert the energy released in a chemical reaction directly into electrical energy. In a battery, the reactants are stored close together within the battery itself. In a fuel cell the reactants are stored externally. Both thin film batteries and micro fuel cells promise to further evolve during the forecast period.
This conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy is potentially 100% efficient, whereas the conversion of chemical energy to mechanical energy via a thermal conversion (e.g., internal combustion of gasoline in cars) always results in heat transfer losses limiting the intrinsic efficiency.
The effective surface area of an electrode can be increased without increasing its physical size by making its surface porous and using materials with very fine particle size. This can increase the effective surface area of the electrodes by 1000 to 100,000 times enabling higher current rates to be achieved.
In this manner, nanotechnology holds enormous promise for this market. Nanoparticles can be developed that are used to make a surface very porous and increase the effective surface area of the electrodes.
High capacity cells require large volumes of electrolyte that must be accommodated between the electrodes. This has a double effect in reducing the cell power handling capability. The electrodes must be smaller and further apart to make space for the extra electrolyte and hence they can carry less current. Increased volume of the electrolyte means it takes longer for the chemical actions associated with charging and discharging to propagate completely through the electrolyte to complete the chemical conversion process.
Thin film battery markets in the trial stage in 2005 are anticipated to reach 10 billion units, $11 billion dollars by 2012. The market driving forces are those of wide expansion of portable devices in that time frame. Market development depends on volume capacity. High volume makes the price per unit less to manufacture. With 3.5 billion cell phone users and 67 billion RFID tags per year anticipated in that time frame, it is anticipated that the volumes will be in place to create commercial demand for thin film batteries.
Johnson Research Thin Film Battery Products
This is the 269th report in a series of market research reports that provide forecasts in communications, telecommunications, the internet, computer, software, and telephone equipment. The project leaders take direct responsibility for writing and preparing each report. They have significant experience preparing industry studies. Forecasts are based on primary research and proprietary data bases. Forecasts reflect analysis of the market trends in the segment and related segments. Unit and dollar shipments are analyzed through consideration of dollar volume of each market participation in the segment. Market share analysis includes conversations with key customers of products, industry segment leaders, marketing directors, distributors, leading market participants, and companies seeking to develop measurable market share. Over 200 in-depth interviews are conducted for each report with a broad range of key participants and opinion leaders in the market segment.
WinterGreen Research, founded in 1985, provides strategic market assessments in telecommunications, communications equipment, health care, and advanced computer technology. Industry reports focus on opportunities that will expand existing markets or develop major new markets. The reports assess new product and service positioning strategies, new and evolving technologies, and technological impact on products, services, and markets. Market shares are provided. Leading market participants are profiled, and their marketing strategies, acquisitions, and strategic alliances are discussed. The principals of WinterGreen Research have been involved in analysis and forecasting of international business opportunities in telecommunications and advanced computer technology markets for over 30 years.
Ellen T. Curtiss, Technical
Director, co-founder of WinterGreen Research, conducts strategic and market
assessments in technology-based industries. Previously she was a member of the
staff of Arthur D. Little, Inc., for 23 years, most recently as Vice President
of Arthur D. Little Decision Resources, specializing in strategic planning and
market development services. She is a graduate of Boston University and the
Program for Management Development at Harvard Graduate School of Business
Administration. She is the author of recent studies on worldwide
telecommunications markets and the Top Ten Telecommunications market analysis
Susan Eustis, President, co-founder of WinterGreen Research, has done research in communications and computer markets and applications. She holds several patents in microcomputing and parallel processing. She is the author of recent studies of the Regional Bell Operating Companies' marketing strategies, Internet equipment, a study of Internet Equipment, Worldwide Telecommunications Equipment, Top Ten Telecommunications, Digital Loop Carrier, Web Hosting, and Application Integration markets. Ms. Eustis is a graduate of Barnard College.
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